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Differences between NPC and CPPCC

Source: chinadaily.com.cn 01/23/2018 11:01:20

The difference between the National People’s Congress and the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference:

1. Different nature

The NPC is the highest organ of State power. Its permanent body is the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress. The National People’s Congress and its Standing Committee exercise the legislative power of the State.

The CPPCC is not an organ of the State. It is a Chinese people’s patriotic united front organization and an important institution of multiparty cooperation and political consultation led by the Communist Party of China.

2. Different legal status, power and functions

The NPC decides on the choice of the Premier of the State Council upon nomination by the President of the People’s Republic of China, and on the choice of the Vice-Premiers, State Councilors, and Ministers in charge of ministries or commissions upon nomination by the Premier. It also elects the President of the Supreme People’s Court and the Procurator-General of the Supreme People’s Procuratorate.

The CPPCC is an important institution of political consultation, democratic supervision and participation in the deliberation and administration of State affairs. It conducts consultations before policy decisions are made, while the NPC votes on policy decisions after the consultations are finished and the government carries them out after policy decisions are made.

3. Different mode of selection

Deputies to the NPC are elected from 35 electoral units from the people’s congresses of provinces, autonomous regions, municipalities directly under the Central Government, the People’s Liberation Army, the deputy election council of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and the Taiwan compatriots’ consultation election council.