The cathedral is located at 16 Shanghai Road in Hankou, just opposite the Central Hospital of Wuhan.
The architectural style is similar to that of the Romanesque basilica, and the layout resembles a Latin cross. It is a two-story brick and wood building with an overall length of 40 meters and a width of 26 meters; the main hall has a width of 14 meters. Dome-shaped belfries stand on both sides at the back of the cathedral. The cross on the top of the church stands at a height of 22 meters. The construction area measures 1,024 square meters. This facility has five altars and a capacity of more than 1,000 people. Religious figures as well as their stories and origins are carved on the main columns inside the facility.
Today, St Joseph's Cathedral is one of the venues where locals can have Western-style wedding ceremonies. Within the Catholic Church, the white dome is a symbol of purity. The gypsum suspended ceiling is gorgeous and elegant, which makes it an ideal background for wedding photographs.